Vocabolario: Food and Cooking

In questo Step ampliamo il nostro vocabolario relativo a cibo e cucina!

In questo Step ci concentriamo sul glossario culinario in inglese parlando dei vari metodi di cottura, di sapori e delle caratteristiche che i cibi possono avere!

 

Proviamo a rispondere a domande come:

– come si chiamano i vari tipi di cottura della carne in inglese?
– come si descrive il cibo in inglese?
– come si legge un menù in inglese?

 

Ah, e non perderti questi altri Step! Impariamo a leggere le ricette in inglese e a preparare fantastici dolcetti:
Banana and Cinnamon Whirls
Halloween Cupcakes recipe

 

Tutte le definizioni che trovate qui sotto sono prese dal Longman Dictionary (Acquistalo su Amazon).

Cucinare

to boil
to cook something in boiling water
Bollire (cottura con acqua a 100°)

 

to simmer
to boil gently, or to cook something slowly by boiling it gently
Sobbollire (cottura con acqua tra 85° e 90°)

 

to poach
to gently cook food, especially fish, in a small amount of boiling water, milk etc
Affogare (cottura con acqua tra 70° e 80°)
Fonte: The Difference Between Poaching, Simmering And Boiling

 

to fry
to cook something in hot fat or oil, or to be cooked in hot fat or oil
Friggere

 

to stir-fry
to cook small pieces of food quickly by moving them around continuously in very hot oil
Saltare in padella

 

to bake
to cook something using dry heat, in an oven
Cuocere in forno

 

to roast
to cook something, such as meat, in an oven or over a fire
Arrostire

 

to grill / to barbeue
if you grill something, or if it grills, you cook it by putting it on a flat metal frame with bars across it, above or below strong direct heat
Grigliare

 

to blend
to thoroughly mix together soft or liquid substances to form a single smooth substance
Frullare

 

to chop
to cut something into smaller pieces
Tagliare a pezzi

Gusti e sapori

Taste / flavour
the feeling that is produced by a particular food or drink when you put it in your mouth
Gusto, sapore

 

Tasty
food that is tasty has a good taste, but is not sweet (Informal)
Saporito

 

Delicious
very pleasant to taste or smell
Squisito

 

Appetising
food that is appetizing smells or looks very good, making you want to eat it
Appetitoso

 

Mouth-watering
food that is mouth-watering looks or smells extremely good
Fa venire l’acquolina in bocca

 

Sweet
containing or having a taste like sugar
Dolce

 

Sugary
containing sugar, or tasting like sugar
Zuccherato

 

Bitter
having a strong sharp taste, like black coffee without sugar
Amaro

 

Sour
having a sharp acid taste, like the taste of a lemon or a fruit that is not ready to be eaten
Acido, aspro

 

Spicy / hot
food that is spicy has a pleasantly strong taste, and gives you a pleasant burning feeling in your mouth
Piccante

 

Mild
not very strong or hot-tasting
Dal sapore leggero

 

Tasteless / bland
food or drink that is tasteless is unpleasant because it has no particular taste
Insipido, senza sapore

 

Salty / savoury
tasting of or containing salt
Salato

 

Sickly
a sickly smell, taste etc is unpleasant and makes you feel sick (especially British English)
Stomachevole

Caratteristiche del cibo

Crisp / crispy
food that is crisp is pleasantly hard or firm when you bite it
Croccante

 

Soggy
unpleasantly wet and soft
Molliccio

 

Fresh
fresh food has recently been picked or prepared, and is not frozen or preserved
Fresco (es. appena raccolto, appena pescato, appena preparato, ecc)

 

Preserved
to store food for a long time after treating it so that it will not decay
Corservato

 

Rotten
badly decayed and no longer good to use
Marcio

 

Juicy
containing a lot of juice
Succoso

 

Ripe
ripe fruit or crops are fully grown and ready to eat
Maturo

 

Unripe
unripe fruit, grain etc is not fully developed or ready to be eaten
Acerbo

 

Seasoned
seasoned food has salt, pepper etc added to it
Condito. Il “condimento” si chiama Dressing.

 

Fattening
likely to make you fat
Che fa ingrassare

 

Fatty
containing a lot of fat
Che contiene grassi

 

Healthy
good for your body
Sano, salutare

Cottura del cibo

Rare
meat that is rare has only been cooked for a short time and is still red
Cottura al sangue

 

Medium / medium-rare
meat that is medium or medium rare is partly cooked but still slightly pink inside
Cottura media

 

Well-done
meat that is well-done has been cooked thoroughly
Ben cotto

 

Overcooked / overdone
cooked too much
Stracotto

 

Undercooked / underdone
not completely cooked
Non cotto a sufficienza

 

Greasy / oily
covered in grease or oil
Unto

 

Stodgy
stodgy food is heavy and makes you feel full very quickly (British English)
Pesante, difficile da digerire

 

Be done to a turn
to be perfectly cooked (British English)
Cotto alla perfezione

Menù

Starter (British English) / Appetizer (American English)
a small amount of food eaten at the start of a meal before the main part
Antipasto

 

Main course
the main part of a meal
Portata principale

 

Dessert /sweet / afters (informal British English)
sweet food served after the main part of a meal
Dessert, dolci

Tabella vocabolario: Food and Cooking
Tabella vocabolario: Food and Cooking

Tutti gli Step:
Food Vocabulary

I libri che ti consiglio in questo Step

Scopri i libri migliori per imparare l’Inglese:
Libreria di Inglese

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